Health Research Topics

Health & Medicine Research 1In the field of health research topics addresse the interaction of behavioral, psychological, emotional, social, cultural, and biological factors with physical health outcomes, such as heart disease, cancer, arthritis, diabetes, and chronic pain. Thus, the core philosophy of the field of health is threefold: (1) Behavioral, psychological, emotional, social, cultural, and biological factors are inextricably linked; (2) these factors together affect health; and (3) these factors can be used as avenues for prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation. Research and clinical practice in health and human behavior are inherently multidisciplinary—that is, many disciplines contribute and no one discipline owns the field. Disciplines involved in health and behavior research include psychology, epidemiology and public health, sociology, nursing, medicine, and anthropology, to name a few.

Health and Behavior Research Topics

Health Assessment and Treatment

1. Adherence to Treatment Regimens
2. AIDS and HIV: Adherence to Medications in Persons With HIV Infection
3. Alcohol Abuse and Dependence: Treatment
4. Anger: Measurement
5. Anxiety: Its Meaning and Measurement
6. Applied Behavior Analysis
7. Arthritis: Behavioral Treatment
8. Asthma: Behavioral Treatment
9. Biofeedback
10. Blood Pressure and Hypertension: Measurement
11. Blood Pressure and Hypertension: Physical Activity
12. Bulimia Nervosa: Treatment
13. Cancer: Psychosocial Treatment
14. Cancer Screening
15. Cardiac Rehabilitation
16. Cardiovascular Psychophysiology: Measures
17. Cardiovascular Reactivity
18. Chronic Disease Management
19. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Psychosocial Aspects and Behavioral Treatments
20. Chronic Pain Management
21. Complementary and Alternative Medicine
22. Depression: Measurement
23. Depression: Treatment
24. Diabetes: Behavioral Treatment
25. Doctor-Patient Communication
26. Drug Abuse: Behavioral Treatment
27. Eating Disorders
28. Ecological Momentary Assessment
29. Evidence-Based Behavioral Medicine
30. Expressive Writing and Health
31. Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment
32. Genetic Testing: Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects
33. Headaches: Psychological Management
34. Health Care Costs and Behavior
35. Health Care Service Utilization: Determinants
36. Health Communication
37. Hostility: Measurement
38. Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Psychological Treatment
39. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI/MMPI-2)
40. Motivational Interviewing
41. National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)
42. Obesity in Children: Physical Activity and Nutritional Approaches
43. Obesity: Prevention and Treatment
44. Optimism and Pessimism: Measurement
45. Physical Activity Interventions
46. Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods
47. Quality of Life: Measurement
48. Raynaud’s Disease: Behavioral Treatment
49. Sleep Disorders: Behavioral Treatment
50. Smoking and Nicotine Dependence: Interventions
51. Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Among Youth
52. Support Groups and Health
53. Tailored Communications

Basic Processes, Theory, and Methodology

54. Adoption of Health Behavior
55. Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
56. Allostatis, Allostatic Load, and Stress
57. Anger: Measurement
58. Anxiety: Its Meaning and Measurement
59. Behavioral Genetics and Health
60. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
61. Blood Pressure and Hypertension: Measurement
62. Cardiovascular Psychophysiology: Measures
63. Caregiving and Stress
64. Community-Based Participatory Research
65. Confounding
66. Cost-Effectiveness
67. Crowding and Health
68. Cultural Factors and Health
69. Depression: Measurement
70. Diffusion of Innovation
71. Discrimination and Health
72. Doctor-Patient Communication
73. Ecological Models: Application to Physical Activity
74. Ecological Momentary Assessment
75. Ecosocial Theory
76. Effect Modification
77. Effort-Reward Imbalance
78. Endogenous Opioids, Stress, and Health
79. Erectile Dysfunction
80. Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Biobehavioral Aspects
81. Fundamental Social Causes of Disease and Mortality
82. Gastric Ulcers and Stress
83. Gate Control Theory of Pain
84. General Adaptation Syndrome
85. Genetic Testing: Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects
86. Health Belief Model
87. Health Communication
88. Hostility: Measurement
89. Immune Responses to Stress
90. Income Inequality and Health
91. Key Informants
92. Metabolic Syndrome and Stress
93. Multilevel Methods, Theory, and Analysis
94. Optimism and Pessimism: Measurement
95. Participatory Research
96. Peptic Ulcers and Stress
97. Psychoneuroimmunology
98. Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods
99. Quality of Life: Measurement
100. Repressive Coping and Health
101. Self-Efficacy
102. Smoking and Nicotine Dependence
103. Social Capital and Health
104. Social Marketing
105. Social or Status Incongruence
106. Stress, Appraisal, and Coping
107. Stress: Biological Aspects
108. Stress-Buffering Hypothesis
109. Successful Aging
110. Television Viewing and Health
111. Theory of Planned Behavior
112. Theory of Reasoned Action
113. Theory of Triadic Influence
114. Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change
115. Vital Exhaustion
116. Wound Healing and Stress

Biopsychosocial Interactions

117. AIDS and HIV: Stress
118. Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
119. Allostatis, Allostatic Load, and Stress
120. Anger and Heart Disease
121. Anger and Hypertension
122. Anger: Measurement
123. Anxiety, Heart Disease, and Mortality
124. Asthma and Stress
125. Autoimmune Disorders: Psychosocial Aspects
126. Behavioral Genetics and Health
127. Blood Pressure, Hypertension, and Stress
128. Cardiovascular Psychophysiology: Measures
129. Cardiovascular Reactivity
130. Caregiving and Stress
131. Cerebrovascular Disease: Psychosocial Aspects
132. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Psychosocial Aspects
133. Chronic Illness: Psychological Aspects
134. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Psychosocial Aspects and Behavioral Treatments
135. Community-Based Participatory Research
136. Comorbid Mental and Other Physical Disorders
137. Control and Health
138. Depression: Mortality and Other Adverse Outcomes
139. Diabetes: Psychosocial Aspects
140. Drug Craving
141. Emotions: Negative Emotions and Health
142. Emotions: Positive Emotions and Health
143. Endogenous Opioids, Stress, and Health
144. Erectile Dysfunction
145. Explanatory Style and Physical Health
146. Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Biobehavioral Aspects
147. Gastric Ulcers and Stress
148. General Adaptation Syndrome
149. Heart Disease: Anger, Depression, and Anxiety
150. Hostility: Psychophysiology
151. Immune Responses to Stress
152. Infertility and Assisted Reproduction: Psychosocial Aspects
153. Lipids: Psychosocial Aspects
154. Metabolic Syndrome and Stress
155. Obesity: Causes and Consequences
156. Pain: Psychosocial Aspects
157. Peptic Ulcers and Stress
158. Placebos and Health
159. Psychoneuroimmunology
160. Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods
161. Stress: Biological Aspects
162. Vital Exhaustion
163. Wound Healing and Stress

Epidemiology of Risk and Protective Factors

164. Acculturation and Health
165. African American Health and Behavior
166. AIDS and HIV
167. Alameda County Study
168. Alzheimer’s Disease: Psychosocial Aspects for Caregivers
169. Anger and Heart Disease
170. Anger and Hypertension
171. Anxiety, Heart Disease, and Mortality
172. Arthritis: Psychosocial Aspects
173. Asian American/Pacific Islander Health and Behavior
174. Asthma and Stress
175. Autoimmune Disorders: Psychosocial Aspects
176. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
177. Bereavement and Health
178. Binge Drinking in College Students
179. Bogalusa Heart Study
180. Cancer and Diet
181. Cancer and Physical Activity
182. Cancer Prevention
183. Cancer and Smoking
184. Caregiving and Stress
185. Cerebrovascular Disease: Psychosocial Aspects
186. Child Abuse, Child Neglect, and Health
187. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Psychosocial Aspects
188. Chronic Illness: PsychologicalAspects
189. Cognitive Function and Health
190. Comorbid Mental and Other Physical Disorders
191. Control and Health
192. Crowding and Health
193. Cultural Factors and Health
194. Depression: Mortality and Other Adverse Outcomes
195. Diabetes: Psychosocial Aspects
196. Disasters and Health
197. Discrimination and Health
198. Divorce and Health
199. Eating Disorders
200. Effect Modification
201. Emotions: Negative Emotions and Health
202. Emotions: Positive Emotions and Health
203. Endogenous Opioids, Stress, and Health
204. Explanatory Style and Physical Health
205. Framingham Heart Study
206. Fundamental Social Causes of Disease and Mortality
207. Gastric Ulcers and Stress
208. Gender Differences in Health
209. Happiness and Health
210. Hardiness and Health
211. Harvard Alumni Health Study
212. Health Care Costs and Behavior
213. Health Care Service Utilization: Determinants
214. Health Disparities
215. Health Literacy
216. Heart Disease: Anger, Depression, and Anxiety
217. Heart Disease and Diet
218. Heart Disease and Physical Activity
219. Heart Disease and Reactivity
220. Heart Disease and Smoking
221. Heart Disease and Type A Behavior
222. Hopelessness and Health
223. Hostility and Health
224. Immigrant Populations and Health
225. Income Inequality and Health
226. Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Psychosocial Aspects
227. Job Strain and Health
228. John Henryism and Health
229. Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study
230. Latino Health and Behavior
231. Loneliness and Health
232. Low Birth Weight: Psychosocial Aspects
233. Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT)
234. Multiple Sclerosis: Psychosocial Aspects
235. Neighborhood Effects on Health and Behavior
236. Obesity: Causes and Consequences
237. Obesity in Children: Physical Activity and Nutritional Approaches
238. Obesity in Children: Prevention
239. Occupational Health and Safety
240. Optimism, Pessimism, and Health
241. Physical Activity and Health
242. Physical Activity and Mood
243. Placebos and Health
244. Pregnancy Outcomes: Psychosocial Aspects
245. Repressive Coping and Health
246. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Psychosocial Aspects
247. Self-Reported Health
248. Sickle Cell Disease: Psychosocial Aspects
249. Smoking and Health
250. Social Capital and Health
251. Social Integration, Social Networks, and Health
252. Socioeconomic Status and Health
253. Spirituality and Health
254. Stress-Related Growth
255. Successful Aging
256. Television Viewing and Health
257. Women’s Health Issues
258. Work-Related Stress and Health

Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

259. AIDS and HIV: Prevention of HIV Infection
260. Blood Pressure, Hypertension, and Stress
261. Cancer and Diet
262. Cancer and Physical Activity
263. Cancer Prevention
264. Cancer Screening
265. Cancer and Smoking
266. Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Community-Level Interventions
267. Child Abuse, Child Neglect, and Health
268. Church-Based Interventions
269. Community Coalitions
270. Complementary and Alternative Medicine
271. Diffusion of Innovation
272. Drug Abuse: Prevention
273. Ecological Models: Application to Physical Activity
274. Evidence-Based Behavioral Medicine
275. Expressive Writing and Health
276. Five a Day—for Better Health! Program
277. Health Care Costs and Behavior
278. Health Communication
279. Health Literacy
280. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
281. Heart Disease and Diet
282. Heart Disease and Physical Activity
283. Heart Disease and Reactivity
284. Heart Disease and Smoking
285. Heart Disease and Type A Behavior
286. Hopelessness and Health
287. Hostility and Health
288. Injury Prevention in Children
289. National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)
290. Obesity: Causes and Consequences
291. Obesity in Children: Physical Activity and Nutritional Approaches
292. Obesity in Children: Prevention
293. Obesity: Prevention and Treatment Occupational Health and Safety
294. Physical Activity and Health
295. Physical Activity: Interventions
296. Physical Activity and Mood
297. Pregnancy Prevention in Adolescents
298. School-Based Health Promotion
299. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Prevention
300. Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Among Youth
301. Support Groups and Health
302. Tailored Communications
303. Violence Prevention
304. Worksite Health Promotion

Health Policy and Organizations

305. Center for the Advancement of Health
306. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
307. Genetic Testing: Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects
308. Health and Behavior Organizations
309. Health Care Service Utilization: Determinants
310. Health Literacy
311. Health Psychology
312. Medical Psychology
313. National Institutes of Health: Health and Behavior Research
314. Research to Practice in Health and Behavior

Social and Cultural Factors

315. Acculturation and Health
316. African American Health and Behavior
317. Asian American/Pacific Islander Health and Behavior
318. Church-Based Interventions
319. Community Coalitions
320. Crowding and Health
321. Cultural Factors and Health
322. Discrimination and Health
323. Ecological Models: Application to Physical Activity
324. Ecosocial Theory
325. Health Disparities
326. Immigrant Populations and Health
327. Income Inequality and Health
328. Latino Health and Behavior
329. Neighborhood Effects on Health and Behavior
330. Social Marketing
331. Social Integration, Social Networks, and Health
332. Social or Status Incongruence
333. Socioeconomic Status and Health
334. Support Groups and Health

Health and Medicine Research 2The field of health and behavior research is vast and ranges from the scientific examination of basic behavioral and social processes to the evaluation of preventive and treatment approaches to policy analysis. It addresses such varied topics as pain management, cardiac rehabilitation, social aspects of genetic testing, anxiety and heart disease, prevention of HIV/AIDS, stress effects on the immune system, approaches to smoking cessation, chronic disease management, community interventions, and socioeconomic status and health.

Health and behavior research has grown dramatically and has had increased visibility since the early 1980s. This growth is evidenced by a significant increase in the number of published scientific articles and books on the topic; the increase in funding for health and behavior research at federal and private funding agencies; and the appearance of health and behavior topics such as diet, exercise, smoking, and stress in popular publications and in electronic media.