Business Research Topics

This Business Research 1list of business research topics is aimed to provide students and researchers with a comprehensive yet concise outline of today’s issues in business.

This collection is designed to include a vast range of different types of topics, including business policies, dimensions of globalization, economic factors, international agreements, financial instruments, accounting regulations and approaches, theories, legislation, management practices and approaches, ethical and social responsibility issues, legal and contractual structures, professional organizations, technologies, marketing and advertising topics, research and development practices, operations management, and logistics terms, with a global perspective. The wealth of topics included here reflects an integrated vision of a welter of functions, technologies, and environmental factors. In the past century most business topics were free-standing and mostly of interest to narrow specialists in related departments and organizations. However, the 21st century is one of cross-boundary actions.

Business Research Topics

Competitive Forces

1. Acquisitions, Takeovers, and Mergers
2. Competition
3. Customer Responsiveness
4. Global Competitiveness Index
5. Infrastructure
6. Local Competitors
7. Patents
8. Quality
9. Service Expectations
10. State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs)

Cultural Environments

11. Acculturation
12. Achieved Status/Ascribed Status
13. Attitudes and Attitude Change
14. Bureaucracy
15. Communication Challenges
16. Communication Styles
17. Conformance/Conformity
18. Confucian Work Dynamism
19. Context
20. Cross-Cultural Research
21. Cultural Norms and Scripts
22. Culture-Specific Values
23. Emotion
24. Enculturation
25. Entrepreneurship
26. Ethnocentrism
27. Feng Shui
28. Gannon’s Cultural Metaphors
29. Gift-Giving
30. Global Digital Divide
31. Guanxi
32. Hofstede’s Five Dimensions of Culture
33. Individualism/Collectivism
34. Internal/External
35. Local Adaptation
36. Masculinity/Femininity
37. Monochronic/Polychronic
38. Multicultural Work Groups and Teams
39. Negotiation and Negotiating Styles
40. Neutral/Affective
41. Persuasion
42. Power Distance
43. Schwartz Value Theory
44. Silent Language of Hall (Nonverbal Communication)
45. Space
46. Specific/Diffuse
47. Stereotyping
48. Time Orientation
49. Uncertainty Avoidance
50. Universalism/Particularism
51. Women in Business
52. Work/Personal Life Balance

Economics of International Business

53. Acquisitions, Takeovers, and Mergers
54. Asian Financial Crisis
55. Balance of Goods and Services
56. Bankruptcy
57. Big Mac Index
58. Brain Drain
59. Business Cycles
60. Capital Account Balance
61. Capitalism
62. Capital Repatriation
63. Centralized Control
64. Chaebol
65. Communism
66. Confidentiality
67. Contagion
68. Cooperatives
69. Cross-Licensing
70. Current Account
71. Debt
72. Development Assistance
73. Diversity
74. Economic Development
75. Economic Indicators
76. Economic Statistics
77. Economies of Scale
78. Economies of Scope
79. Emerging Economies
80. Entry Mode
81. Exchange Rate Volatility
82. External Debt
83. Factor Endowments
84. Franchising
85. Free Markets
86. Geocentric
87. Gini Index
88. Green Revolution
89. Gross National Product
90. Industry Information
91. Information Systems
92. Interest Rates
93. International Capital Flows
94. Joint Venture
95. Keiretsu
96. Licensing
97. Localization
98. Macroeconomics
99. Micro-Multinational
100. Multinational Corporation
101. National Accounts
102. Net Capital Outflow
103. Neuroeconomics
104. Open Economy Macroeconomics
105. Pegged Exchange Rate
106. Polycentric
107. Privatization
108. Purchasing Power Parity
109. Research and Development
110. Royalties
111. Self-Employed Women’s Association, India
112. Socialism
113. Socioeconomic Status
114. Stock Exchanges
115. Strategic Alliance
116. Teams
117. Technology
118. Tequila Effect
119. Terms of Trade
120. Trade Balance
121. Underdevelopment
122. Zaibatsu

Economic Theories of International Business

123. Absolute Advantage
124. Chicago School/Chicago Boys
125. Comparative Advantage
126. Core
127. Cross-Hauling
128. Demonstration Effect
129. Dependency Theory
130. Export-Oriented Development
131. Follow-the-Leader Theory
132. Heckscher-Ohlin Model
133. Import Substitution
134. Infant Industry Argument
135. Internationalization Model
136. Leontief Paradox
137. Linder Hypothesis
138. Market Imperfections Theory
139. Modernization Theory
140. Monopolistic Advantage Theory
141. Mundell-Fleming Model
142. Neocolonialism
143. New Trade Theory
144. Periphery
145. Product Life Cycle Hypothesis

Ethics, Corruption, and Social Responsibility

146. Black Market
147. Bribery
148. Copyright Infringement
149. Corporate Social Responsibility
150. Corporate Social Responsibility and International Business Ethics
151. Corruption
152. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
153. Industrial Espionage
154. Intellectual Property Theft
155. Money Laundering
156. Opportunistic Behavior
157. Plagiarism
158. Reverse Engineering
159. Sustainable Development
160. Trademark Infringement

Export/Import Strategies

161. Agents
162. Bill of Lading
163. Certificate of Origin
164. Countertrade
165. Direct Export
166. Distribution
167. Ex-Factory (Ex-Works)
168. Export Assistance Program
169. Export Financing
170. Export Management Company
171. Export Trading Company
172. Indirect Export
173. Negotiation and Negotiating Styles

Foreign Direct Investment

174. British East India Company
175. Concession
176. Diversifying Investment
177. Dutch East India Company
178. Foreign Direct Investment, Horizontal and Vertical
179. Foreign Portfolio Investment
180. Hanseatic League
181. Home Country
182. Host Country
183. Hudson’s Bay Company
184. Indirect Foreign Direct Investment
185. Internationalization
186. Late Mover
187. Locational Advantages
188. Market-Seeking Investment
189. Multinational Competitive Disadvantages
190. Multinational Corporation
191. Resource-Seeking Investment
192. Royal Africa Company
193. Tax Holiday
194. Virginia Company

Globalization and Society

195. Antiglobalization Movement
196. Cooperatives
197. Democratic Globalization
198. Diffusion of Innovation
199. Gini Index
200. Global Capital Market
201. Globalization
202. Sustainable Development
203. Transition Economies

Human Resource Management

204. Absenteeism
205. Benefits
206. Bent Measuring Stick (or Performance Appraisal)
207. Coaching
208. Compensation
209. Cost of Living Allowance
210. Culture Shock
211. Education Allowance
212. Employer–Employee Relations
213. Empowerment
214. Ethnocentric Human Resource Policy
215. Expatriate
216. External Labor Market
217. Family Leave
218. Geocentric Human Resource Policy
219. Health Care Benefits/Systems
220. Holidays
221. Housing Allowance
222. Internal Labor Market
223. International Compensation
224. International Training
225. Job Enrichment
226. Local/National
227. Maternity Leave
228. Mentoring
229. Motivation
230. Overtime
231. Parent Country National
232. Payroll Taxes
233. Pension Systems
234. Perquisites
235. Polycentric Human Resource Policy
236. Productivity
237. Profit-Sharing
238. Recruitment
239. Redundancy
240. Reentry
241. Regiocentric Human Resource Policy
242. Selection
243. Third Country National
244. Training
245. Visa
246. Working Hours

International Accounting Research Topics

247. Accounting Harmonization
248. Accounting Information Systems
249. Accounting Software
250. American Depository Receipt
251. Auditing Standards
252. Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
253. Capital Adequacy
254. Capital Gains Tax
255. Compliance
256. Corporate Accounting
257. Corporate Governance
258. Corporate Income Tax
259. Cost Accounting
260. Custodians
261. Disclosure Requirements
262. Earnings Management
263. Earnings Quality
264. Financial Reporting
265. Financial Statement Analysis
266. Fixed Costs
267. Forensic Accounting
268. Impact Financial Statements
269. Information Technology Auditing
270. International Accounting Standards Board
271. International Financial Reporting Standards
272. Investor Protection
273. Nonfinancial Information Reporting
274. Sarbanes-Oxley
275. Taxes
276. Transfer Pricing
277. Value Added Tax (VAT)
278. Variable Costs

International Finance Research Topics

279. Account Settlement
280. AEX General Index (Amsterdam)
281. All Ordinaries Index
282. ATX Index (Vienna)
283. Basis Points
284. Behavioral Economics
285. Bel-20 Index (Brussels)
286. Bid/Ask Spread
287. Blocked Funds
288. Bloomberg
289. Bonds
290. BSE Sensex Index (Bombay Stock Exchange)
291. Buyout
292. CAC 40 Index (Paris)
293. Capital Budgeting
294. Capital Flight
295. Cash Management
296. Chicago Mercantile Exchange
297. City, The
298. Clearing House Automated Payment System
299. Clearing House Interbank Payment System
300. Clearing Houses
301. CMA Index (Egypt)
302. Collateral
303. Collateralized Debt Obligations
304. Collateralized Loan Obligations
305. Commercialization of Space
306. Credit Ratings
307. Cross-Border Trading
308. Currency Exposure
309. Currency Speculators
310. DAX Index (Germany)
311. Debt (Securities)
312. Debt-for-Equity Swaps
313. Debt Rescheduling
314. Deregulation
315. Discount Rate
316. Dow Jones Index
317. Equities
318. Exchange Rate Risk (or Currency Exposure)
319. Financial Hedge
320. Financial Market Regulation
321. Financial Markets
322. Fixed Exchange Rate
323. Floating Exchange Rate
324. Foreign Exchange Market
325. Forward Market
326. FT Index
327. FTSE
328. Futures Markets
329. Gnomes of Zurich
330. Government Bonds
331. Hang Seng Index
332. Hedging
333. Hostile Takeovers
334. Initial Public Offering
335. Interbank Market
336. Interest Rate Swaps
337. International Securities Identification Numbering
338. KLSE (Malaysian Stock Index)
339. LIBOR
340. Liquidity (or Market Liquidity)
341. Lombard Rate
342. Madrid General Index
343. Market Maker
344. Mark-to-Market Valuation
345. MerVal
346. MIBTel Index (Milan)
347. Microfinance
348. Microfinance Institution
349. Money Supply
350. Mortgage Credit Crisis of 2008
351. Nikkei Index
352. NZSE 50 (New Zealand Stock Index)
353. Option
354. OSE All Share Index (Oslo)
355. Prospectus
356. Public Finance Reform
357. Real Hedge
358. Retail Capital Markets
359. Reuters
360. Samurai Bond
361. S&P 500 Index
362. Securities Financing
363. Securitization
364. Seoul Composite Index
365. Settlement Date
366. Shanghai Composite Index
367. Shareholder Activism
368. Sovereign Borrowing
369. Spot Market
370. Spread
371. Stock Exchanges
372. Stockholm General Index
373. Straits Times Index (Singapore)
374. Structured Notes
375. Subprime Loans
376. Swap
377. Swiss Market Index
378. Taiwan Weighted Index
379. TA-100 Index (Tel Aviv)
380. Too Big to Fail
381. Trading Volume
382. Value at Risk
383. Venture Capital
384. Wall Street
385. Wholesale Capital Markets

International Monetary System

386. Bank for International Settlements
387. Bretton Woods Accord
388. Bretton Woods Institutions
389. Capital Controls
390. Central Banks
391. Convertibility
392. Cross Rate
393. Currency
394. Currency Zone
395. Devaluation
396. Dirty Float
397. Dollar Hegemony
398. Dollarization
399. Euro
400. Exchange Rate
401. Fiat Money
402. Flexible Exchange Rate Regime
403. Foreign Exchange Market
404. Foreign Exchange Reserves
405. Gold Standard
406. International Monetary System
407. Managed Float Regime
408. Market-Basket Currency
409. Marshall-Lerner Condition
410. Monetary Intervention
411. Monetary Policy: Rules Versus Discretion
412. Reserve Currency
413. Revaluation

International Trade Research Topics

414. Ad Valorem Duties
415. Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
416. Arbitrage
417. ATA Carnet
418. Banana Wars
419. Barriers to Entry
420. Barter
421. Bill of Lading
422. Black Market
423. Business-to-Business
424. CoCom
425. Cost, Insurance, and Freight
426. Countervailing Duties
427. Country of Origin
428. Country of Origin Requirements
429. Customs Broker
430. Doha Round
431. Dumping
432. Duty
433. Effective Rate of Protection
434. Electronic Commerce
435. Electronic Data Interchange
436. Embargoes
437. Export
438. Export Processing Zone
439. Export Subsidy
440. Fair Trade
441. Flag of Convenience
442. Foreign Sales Corporation
443. Free Trade
444. Free Trade Zone
445. Freight Forwarder
446. Generalized System of Preferences
447. Globalization Index
448. Gray Market
449. Harmonized System
450. Import
451. International Commercial Terms (Incoterms)
452. Internet Domain Names
453. Invisible Trade Balance
454. Letter of Credit
455. Maquiladora
456. Mercantilism
457. Most Favored Nation Status
458. Multi-Fiber Agreement
459. Neomercantilism
460. Nontariff Barrier
461. Quota
462. Smuggling
463. Special Drawing Rights
464. Standard International Trade Classification
465. Subsidies
466. Tariff
467. Terms of Trade
468. Trade Barriers
469. Trade Liberalization
470. Trade Pact
471. Trade Sanctions
472. Trade War
473. Uruguay Round
474. Voluntary Export Restraints
475. World Customs Organization

Legal and Labor Issues

476. Antitrust Laws
477. Arbitration
478. Child Labor
479. Choice of Forum Clause
480. Contracts
481. Copyright Infringement
482. International Law
483. Labor Standards
484. Legal Environments
485. New York Convention
486. Opportunistic Behavior
487. Patents
488. Salaries and Wages
489. Trademark Infringement
490. Trades Union Congress

Management and Leadership Research Topics

491. Accountability
492. Blame Culture
493. Board of Directors
494. Commitment
495. Decision Making
496. Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Project
497. Leadership
498. Loyalty
499. Management
500. Management Development
501. Management Education
502. Management Information Systems
503. Management Research
504. Management Science
505. Managerial Accounting
506. Nepotism
507. Persuasion
508. Risk
509. Status
510. Vision

Manufacturing and Operations Research Topics

511. Bonded Warehouse
512. Bottleneck
513. Branch
514. Carrying Costs
515. Centralization
516. Commerce Control List
517. Concurrent Engineering
518. Control Systems
519. Co-Production
520. Cost Structure
521. Craft Production
522. Customization
523. Deming Model
524. Distribution
525. Downstream
526. Facilities Location Decision
527. Flexibility
528. Forecasting
529. Global Benchmarking
530. Global Product Divisions
531. Global Structure
532. International Division Structure
533. Intra-Firm Transfer
534. Inventory
535. Kaizen
536. Kanban
537. Landed Cost
538. Low Wage Production
539. Make-or-Buy Decision
540. Manufacturing
541. Manufacturing Strategy
542. Manufacturing Yield
543. Matrix Structure
544. Multidomestic Structure
545. Near-Shoring
546. Off-Shoring
547. Operations Management
548. Optimization
549. Outsourcing
550. Procurement
551. Product Component Model
552. Product Development
553. Quality Control
554. Regional Divisions
555. Research and Development
556. Research Methods: Mixed Methods
557. Research Methods: Qualitative
558. Research Methods: Quantitative
559. Risk Management
560. Robotics
561. Scheduling
562. Service Level
563. Staffing Levels
564. Standardization
565. Subsidiary
566. Supply Chain Management
567. Supply Chain Risks
568. Technology Transfer
569. Transportation
570. Transport Delays
571. Turnkey
572. Upstream
573. Value Chain
574. Vertically Integrated Chain
575. Virtual Vertical Integration
576. Warranties

Marketing Research Topics

577. Advanced Pricing Agreement
578. Advertising
579. Back Translation
580. Branding
581. Brand Loyalty
582. Buying Motives/Behavior
583. Channels
584. Competitive Market Analysis
585. Consumer Behavior
586. Consumer Needs and Wants
587. Consumer Surveys
588. Consumption
589. Customer Relationship Management
590. Emerging Markets
591. Focus Groups
592. Global Brand Strategy
593. Integrated Marketing Communications
594. International Marketing Research
595. Lifestyle Research
596. Market Audit
597. Market Development
598. Marketing
599. Marketing Research
600. Market Research
601. Markets
602. Market Share
603. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
604. Media
605. Media and Direct Marketing
606. Positioning
607. Pricing
608. Promotions
609. Relationship Marketing
610. Retail Sector
611. Sales
612. Seasonality
613. Simulation Modeling
614. SIOP
615. Wholesale Sector

Political Environments Research Topics

616. BERI
617. Bhopal Disaster
618. Compensation for Expropriated Property
619. Contract Repudiation
620. Country Screening
621. Environmental Standards
622. Expropriation
623. Lobbying
624. Nationalization
625. Nongovernmental Organizations
626. PRINCE Analysis
627. Regulation
628. Scenario Analysis
629. Terrorism

Regional Economic Integration

630. Bilateral Free Trade Agreements
631. Candidate Countries
632. Caribbean Community (Caricom)
633. Central American Common Market
634. Common Agricultural Policy
635. Common External Tariff
636. Common Market
637. Cotonou Agreement
638. Customs Union
639. Economic Integration
640. Economic Union
641. European Coal and Steel Community
642. European Monetary Union
643. European Union
644. Free Trade Area of the Americas
645. Free Trade Zone
646. Maastricht Treaty
647. Mercosur/Mercosul
648. Monetary Union
649. North American Free Trade Agreement
650. Regional Integration
651. Regional Trade Agreements
652. Single Market
653. Trade Bloc
654. Trans-European Networks
655. Treaty of Rome

Supranational and National Organizations

656. Academy of International Business
657. African Development Bank
658. Asian Development Bank
659. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
660. Association of Southeast Asian Nations
661. Biodiversity Convention
662. Department of Commerce
663. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
664. Ex-Im Bank
665. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
666. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
667. Inter-American Development Bank
668. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
669. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
670. International Chamber of Commerce
671. International Development Agency
672. International Finance Corporation
673. International Labour Office/International Labour Organization
674. International Monetary Fund
675. Kyoto Protocol
676. Millennium Development Goals
677. Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
678. National Regulatory Agencies
679. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
680. Regional Development Banks
681. Securities and Exchange Commission
682. Special Drawing Rights
683. United Nations Centre for Transnational Corporations
684. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
685. United Nations Industrial Development Organization
686. U.S. Agency for International Development
687. World Bank, The
688. World Health Organization
689. World Trade Organization

Business Research 2Business in contemporary world is one of increasing diversity. Undertaking commerce even by an individual can mean working globally through a welter of new media with opportunities of all sorts rapidly appearing. The boundaries, scope, content, structures, and processes of a business activity can morph into completely different ones in the course of a project. Contemporary businesses and certainly future businesses find it incumbent upon them to fit with the requirements of environmental and economic sustainability of the others who inhabit our world. Of course the practices, technologies, and tools of business are currently utilized by professional managers in government, education, arts organizations, not-for-profit organizations, political organizations, social service organizations, etc. That is, rather than having an opera company run by a former singer who charms its patrons, what is expected is a former singer who is a professional manager who is adept at grappling with the issues, requirements, and expectations associated with responsible business.

Globalization is a by-word of the current business epoch. Today it is normal for a business in a developed country to employ clerks, technicians, salespeople, customer relations agents, and increasingly professionals such as managers, engineers, and researchers in emerging market nations such as India, China, and Vietnam. Increasingly, corporate teams work virtually with team members distributed around the world. New technologies provide interfaces that are coming to replicate and in some ways even improve on the kind of exchanges that traditionally were only available in face-to-face situations.

In the post-Enron, post-Bhopal, post–Three Mile Island, post–Exxon Valdez, and post-9/11 environment, business and society issues and topics refract off each other with new meanings. For example, what in the past might have just been a climate of corruption, bribery, ineptness, and lack of accountability, now in this or that far-flung place today might have global implications. So, the editor of this volume was engaged by Columbia University to teach cuttingedge human resource management (HRM) topics in a Russian oil company in Nizhny Vartovsk, Siberia, where just as in U.S. oil companies, the sharing of cutting-edge management technologies and approaches was proceeding at a rapid rate. Notions such as whistle-blowing, managing stakeholders, alleviating poverty through business strategy, and microfinance are increasingly important for those interested in understanding business to know.

Management information systems are a new universe of technologies, and the terms and topics that encompass them, from just 15 years ago. New applications and functions have proliferated, including e-commerce, the blogosphere, social networking (including Facebook and LinkedIn), digital dashboards, e-learning, executive support systems, internet, intranets, extranets, identity theft, moblogs, privacy, spam, transaction processing systems, virtualization, virtual companies, VoIP, business process reengineering, data warehouses, and customer relationship management (CRM).

Operations management is a field of business that is undergoing many structural and technological changes. The quality management revolution starting in Japan and developing in the mid-80s in the United States and Europe has been overtaken by new issues of global supply chain procurement and distribution. New approaches to designing services take on more import in a service economy. Service blueprinting, front office and back office activities, and servicescapes are among the new by-words. Location analysis, hybrid layout design, and process product and fixed position layouts are increasingly structured in their deployment. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is increasingly sophisticated with new connectivity and integration issues.

Management strategy has been redefined in the United States by agency theory, the resource-based view of the firm, and such important accounting legislation as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. New types of financial instruments and their deployment through a wider than traditional spectrum of organizational types resulted from deregulation. The looseness and oversight of this new environment resulted in a looseness in financial dealings. Financial institutions worldwide have been shaken by the great mortgage crisis of 2008. This followed the bailing out of Bear, Stearns, & Co. Inc., a leading global investment banking and securities trading firm, by the American federal government. The world economy is increasingly integrated. The European Union (EU) and NAFTA are just two of many such international structures that foster freer trade. The high price of oil in 2008 reflects the ongoing power of OPEC.

Marketing is no longer just a department in a company; rather it entails the collaboration of many departments, vendors, and even customers working together to market products and services. Today we find companies such as Dunkin’ Donuts focusing on the quick provision of inexpensive cups of coffee to go and at the same time other companies such as Starbucks going beyond that to market an entire experience, lifestyle, variety of flavors, and even music to their target market.